Paralysis is a disease in which any part of the body suddenly stops working. The disease is associated with thickening or clotting of the blood. Medical research has shown that if a patient is taken to a hospital immediately and medical assistance is provided, the chances of survival from death and disability are greatly increased. Under the auspices of the World Stroke Organization, “World Paralysis Day” is celebrated around the world on October 29 every year. The theme for this day is “Minutes Can Save Lives”. That is, a few minutes can save a life, because every passing second after a stroke is so important that as the brain cells (neurons) begin to deplete, the importance of time diminishes. According to figures provided by the World Stroke Organization, more than 13 million people worldwide suffer a stroke each year, of which about five and a half million die. High, which can be estimated as two out of every three people who suffer from stroke are from low- and middle-income countries. Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world. , About 5% of the population is forced to live with paralysis. We have a high rate of stroke in middle-aged youth, especially women. If attention is not paid to timely treatment of paralysis and subsequent rehabilitation measures, it is feared that the number of paralyzed youth will increase alarmingly in the next few years.
The two main types of paralysis are ischemic and hemorrhagic. In the second type, the arteries that supply blood to the brain rupture, resulting in paralysis. Remember, quick access to treatment not only saves lives, but also increases the chances of recovery as soon as the symptoms of stroke appear. If a person begins to show signs of paralysis, the person in or around the patient should arrange for immediate medical attention. The word Fast is used. In which F means face. Because in the case of an attack, the structure of the face suddenly begins to change or it hangs to one side. * A means arm. There is a feeling of low force in the arm (as if the power is completely exhausted). * S means speech. Speech problems start to occur. Words and phrases start to get difficult. ٭ T means time. This means that after a stroke, seek immediate medical attention without wasting time, because if that time passes, then there will be a permanent breakdown in the brain system. can.
The effects of stroke can be short-term or long-term, depending on which part of the brain is affected by the stroke and how soon treatment is started. Despite surviving a stroke, patients often continue to suffer from various medical problems throughout their lives. In these cases, the rate of disability is higher than walking or speaking. In some cases, the ability to think and understand and the emotions are affected. However, it is a treatable disease and modern treatment is available in our country, but due to unavoidable reasons, the majority are deprived of standard and cheap treatment. Most patients, by following these tips and tricks, either complicate the disease or become fatal. These include unbalanced diet, drug use, high blood pressure, diabetes, irregular heartbeat, cholesterol, obesity, mental and psychiatric disorders, stress and heredity. In some cases, climate change may be the cause, but in case of exposure to Covid-19, the chances of having a stroke have increased. Even though we have neurologists and other trained medical personnel in the big cities, the incidence of stroke is on the rise. Will be. Provincial governments should set up paralysis units in district headquarters hospitals to provide quality and affordable treatment to the majority of the population. In any case, keep the patient at home and never try different types of home remedies as it only leads to complications.
Dr. Abdul Malik