September 24, 2023

Nexus of world powers: How can weak countries get out of pressure?

Most of the world’s institutions came into being after the world war

Nexus of world powers

Pakistan is well aware of who is running the world affairs, the international community or the major powers or both are influencing the world together. Because it has gone through one crisis after another in the last three years.

Whether the crisis is economic or health related or any other kind, the global institutions are visible in them and the role of the major powers has also been prominent. For weeks, Pakistan has been negotiating with the IMF for loans, which have finally come to fruition, with an installment of over 1 billion. This is another installment of the 6 billion loan, agreed upon under the IMF program. The conditions imposed by the World Health Organization have made the lives of ordinary people more difficult, but according to experts, the implementation of the new conditions will increase the hardships of the people, but it seems that the people Even now they have become accustomed to such matters.

After watching TV commentaries and talk shows, they vent their frustrations and then fall asleep after a long stretch that tomorrow will be seen tomorrow. Total is targeted. Every six months, the first few words of appreciation are uttered by the organization, to which we rejoice. A list of more goals is provided by These are the bitter experiences of these two world organizations, but on the other hand, looking at the role of the World Health Organization, it is encouraging that the way it helped deal with COVID-19 is commendable.

Afghanistan is currently the only humanitarian organization in the world that is openly helping the people there, even though most of the countries in the world have given up on relief work. And powerful countries like China are silent, so why do we need to intervene in Afghanistan. In fact, the source of power in the world is the great powers, America and China. The two have animosity and reconciliation.

They directly threaten each other with military force, but on the other hand, their leaders, in talks lasting more than three hours, also identify areas where conflict is to be avoided.

And reconciliation is possible. The way the United States, China, Japan, India and South Korea brought oil into the market together to break up OPEC on the issue of oil prices is a clear example of the alliance of the major powers.

Most of the world’s institutions came into being after the world wars, because the world felt the need to establish forums after the devastation of the wars, where every country is represented, regardless of whether it is small or Big.

Where there is no distinction of color, race or religion.

The United Nations, with its subsidiaries, is the best example of this, where every year about 200 of its member countries have the opportunity to have their say. The annual meeting also considers how to make this global forum more effective, while the summit also provides an opportunity for the leaders of the warring countries to discuss complex issues. When it came to dealing with spiritual, American and world powers, New York was their host city. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank are two institutions that monitor the world’s monetary policies and, where necessary, support weaker economies.

The two bodies were established in the last century, while the 40-member FATF was recently formed to deal with terrorism and extremism.

It also monitors matters. In addition, the Security Council, the most important body of the United Nations, is of paramount importance to the world, whose primary responsibility is to maintain peace in the world, especially to prevent wars. The United States, the United Kingdom, China, France and Russia are the five permanent members who have the veto power, meaning they can reject any resolution.

Matters cannot proceed without the consent of any particular power and the Security Council fails, at which point the people and countries begin to call the United Nations an ineffective body. But it is also a fact that in the event of a war, the same organization would go ahead and stop the bloodshed and pave the way for dialogue. Pakistan has experienced this in every war and conflict.

The recent crisis in Syria is a tragic example, with half a million civilians killed and more than 10 million displaced, but the Security Council failed to stop the civil war.

Military power won and the people lost, peace was established, but at what cost, this question still haunts the global conscience. The main reason for this was the use of veto power, which has been used many times by Russia and China to bring Assad’s army to victory. Power should reject all resolutions against it.

On such occasions it shows how cheap human life is in the interests of the world powers. However, the fact remains that whenever a global crisis arises. No matter what, the eyes of the world are on the Security Council.

Our experience with the IMF is very bitter. Its harsh conditions and our weak economy have made the people cry. The government blames the IMF for all the taxes, which have become an unbearable burden for the people. And it overcame this crisis with the help of international organizations and friendly countries. The fact is that the IMF played a key role in the global economic crisis and then in saving the world from the devastation of Corona. Gave more than 2.4 billion for vaccines in two years.

If we talk about FATF, it would certainly be under political pressure, but it also includes countries from all regions of the world. India’s attempts to blacklist Pakistan have been thwarted by Malaysia, Turkey and China. Similarly, the World Health Organization (WHO) has played an extraordinary role in combating a global epidemic, such as the corona virus.

The United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) is currently the only international agency to deliver food, medicine and other basic necessities to Afghanistan. Withdraw from humanitarian aid, where UN agencies continue to operate. In the Syrian crisis, under the pressure of the United Nations, Europe accepted millions of displaced Syrian refugees, otherwise no one was ready to help them.

Undoubtedly, these institutions are under the influence of the world powers and they can make many decisions on their own accord or obstruct the implementation of the decisions and this is where not only the criticism of international institutions starts but also the confidence of small countries in them.

People openly say that these institutions also work on the principle of “whose staff is his buffalo”. Is it possible to be free? In fact, the answer to this question revolves around small countries rather than big powers. They should consider how they have involved themselves in global affairs. The role of the institutions is quite satisfactory, but when it comes to politics and interests, the role of the world powers comes to the fore, and these are mostly conflicts that small countries have failed to resolve mutually or regionally.

Countries are mired in conflict, they are also economically weak. They spend most of their national wealth on security matters. They buy arms in droves, knowing that it will only benefit the superpowers. North Korea is a prime example.

It is financially bankrupt and the people are forced to live the worst life, but it has the ghost of becoming a military power.

This is the only place where the major powers have a monopoly on world affairs. If yesterday the monopoly was with the Soviet Union, the United States and Europe, today it has gone to China, the United States and Europe, although many more countries are now seeking to join because of their economic strength and large populations. In other words, even if a multipolar world emerges, the balance of power and decision-making power will remain in the hands of a few countries.

Obviously, if today financial institutions and the United Nations are under the influence of five countries, then tomorrow they will be under the influence of 8 or 9 countries.

So, it turns out that the small countries will still get nothing, crying all the time for the failure of the global institutions and complaining of being sold out by their powerful lobbies.

The role of the global institutions at the same time Controversy occurs when small countries fail to resolve their bilateral disputes and make their self-made ego a matter of life and death.

Conflicts have been going on since nations or nations came into being, but the important thing is that world wars have taught humanity some lessons, the most important of which was war, death and destruction for the world. After that, the country which followed this lesson is strong today.

The same nations are developing and the people there are also prosperous. Why do people like to go and live in a place where they have a prosperous life and a high standard of living? His compatriots look at him with sadness and call him lucky. Even differences of opinion and religion do not prevent them from moving to prosperous countries.

Who has the answer to the question of how many people who speak ill of America and Europe, but live there with their families? They consider being to be the greatest achievement of their life. In this “mission” it is not difficult for them to leave their country and ideology. The great revolutionaries were seen to forget everything and teach a good life after settling in these prosperous countries.

Sitting there, he teaches his poor compatriots the lessons of workmanship and patriotism. Obviously, these great powers will not perish immediately, nor will the world institutions in the near future. The effects of both will remain the same as they are today.

Who can deny that if these five are replaced by eight or nine major powers, the world institutions will become more just and the world a better place?

What is the solution? The most important thing is that countries and peoples should keep in mind that they have to live in this world, so they have to create tolerance for each other. In this regard. The policy of “live and let live” is still an arrow-targeted prescription today.

It is also important because the extraordinary advances in technology have tied everyone’s hands together.

The simultaneous reaction of both sides to every ball of the cricket match between Pakistan and India can be seen on social media. Similarly, a person sitting in Bahrain talks to his son in a Brazilian village and after knowing his well-being, he falls asleep in China. Due to the same technology, lockdowns could not separate people from each other. That young people living in backward areas like Gilgit or Balochistan are now earning dollars on the internet from a developed country like USA.

Is it not the responsibility of politicians and intellectuals of these countries to resolve these disputes Like leeches, their energy and capital are being licked.

They will have the opportunity to use it and they will be able to work in developing countries free from the entanglements of world politics.

(By: Alif Saleem)

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