God, according to Allama Iqbal, is an Ego –– the Ultimate Ego, the Great I-am; as from the Ultimate Ego only egos proceed, the whole furniture of the universe too comprises egos.

Schopenhauer and Iqbal

Thus in order of being first comes the universal will, then, the unchanging Ideas. Then the universal will individuates itself into the particular ideas of persons and things.


Engraving published in The Illustrated London News, 12 October 1878, based upon the sketch by James Atkinson.