Organized by the World Health Organization, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer) and the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC: Union for International Cancer Control), The day is celebrated with different themes. One theme that has been chosen for the year 2022 to 2024 is “Close the care gap”. During this three-year campaign, awareness will be raised through various activities to remove obstacles in the way of diagnosis and treatment, so that modern facilities of diagnosis and treatment can be provided equally at all levels. Remember, cancer is a life. Lewa is treatable despite the disease and it is possible only when the disease is diagnosed in time. There are many people around us today who are living a healthy life thanks to timely diagnosis and treatment. Patients do not consult a physician simply for fear that the cancer may spread throughout the body as a result of surgery or chemotherapy. When there is no cure, keep in mind that the sooner the cancer is diagnosed, the better the chances of a cure.
Cancer is related to cells and cells are the basic unit of our body. This is what keeps life going. Under a well-organized system, the old cells in the body are automatically eliminated and replaced by new cells, but when for some reason the number of cells starts to increase abnormally and the process of division begins. When it does, it spreads throughout the body and destroys normal cells. As a result, the system that controls physical growth is damaged. That is, the old cells remain intact and the new cells grow unnecessarily. They even take the form of a clump, which in medical terms is called a tumor. All over the world, cancer is considered a dangerous disease, although it is not incurable, but in case of late diagnosis, it can be especially painful and dangerous for the patient. The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified the disease as the leading cause of death worldwide. According to the WHO, there are five common types of cancer in Pakistan, with breast cancer topping the list, followed by oral cancer. Cancer ranks second. Other types include cancer of the lungs, esophagus and colon. These cancers include oral cancer in men and breast cancer in women. One-third of all cancer deaths are related to lifestyle and diet. There are a number of causes for cancer, but the main ones that health experts point out are obesity, poor fruit and vegetable consumption, lack of physical activity, and addiction to tobacco and alcohol. While it is essential to avoid all of these factors and adopt a healthy lifestyle, smoking, betel leaf, blisters and gutka are some of the causes that lead to a steady increase in cancer rates. According to the World Health Organization, approximately five million people lose their lives every year due to smoking and according to a conservative estimate, 36% of men in Pakistan, while 9% of women are addicted to tobacco and unfortunately with each passing day At the same time, this number is increasing. Remember, smokers are 50% more likely to develop lung cancer, while those who abstain from smoking are 90% less likely to develop lung cancer. can. Of course, people with these conditions also have an increased risk of developing mouth, throat and esophageal cancer.
If we mention the symptoms of cancer, then just as there are different types of cancer, so the symptoms of each cancer are also different. Since breast cancer and oral cancer are common in Pakistan, then the main symptom of these cancers is gland. ۔ The exact cause of breast cancer has not yet been identified, but some causes increase the risk of breast cancer, such as heredity (such as mother, sister, grandmother or grandmother, etc.), at an early age (from the age of eleven). Before menstruation begins and continues into adulthood, infertility or the first child to be over 30 years of age. In addition, obesity, lack of physical activity, facilitation, hormone replacement therapy and alcohol use can also be the cause. Is. Other symptoms of breast cancer include changes in the structure of the breast, pain, nipple penetration, sores, discharge of blood or fluid, glandular sensation in the armpits, and swelling. Chances are high, but unfortunately in most cases the patient seeks medical attention only when treatment becomes more difficult.
When it comes to lung cancer, in most cases the symptoms do not appear at an early stage, but when a chest x-ray or CT scan is done for some reason, lung cancer is diagnosed. Most patients with lung cancer have different symptoms. However, common symptoms include persistent cough, coughing up blood, change in voice, difficulty breathing or wheezing, and persistent weight loss. If, despite treatment, the cough does not subside and saliva begins to bleed, it may be an early sign of lung cancer. However, if the mouth is sore, swollen or the jaw is swollen, it may be a sign of oral cancer. There is also severe difficulty in speaking, while the mouth also begins to smell unbearable.
Various tests are used to treat breast cancer, such as breast examination, ultrasound, X-ray or mammography, which is also used as a screening to diagnose breast cancer. Diagnosis of lung cancer is usually made. X-rays or CT scans are possible and biopsy is done for the final diagnosis of all three types of cancer, which is also important because it can detect the nature of the cancer and report it. It is also decided in the light of which treatment will be effective, but unfortunately, due to many misconceptions in our country, not only the patient but also his family members become frightened when they hear about biopsychology. Keep in mind that biopsy is definitely not harmful. In this method, a small tissue is removed from the affected part of the body and examined under a microscope to see if it contains cancerous cells. After the final diagnosis, various tests are recommended to determine if the cancer is confined to a specific part of the body or has spread. The next step is staging, which involves examining the tumor’s size and spread. In addition, the patient’s general health, his or her ability to perform the operation is assessed, after which the treatment phase begins. Generally, three methods are used to treat cancer: surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Remember, a healthy lifestyle is the only way to stay safe from this contagious disease and when we talk about healthy lifestyle, it means eating healthy foods, normalizing physical activity. Be included, keep an eye on weight and other changes in the body and see a doctor immediately if any abnormal changes appear. Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness, but it will be a sign of cancer, especially if you are losing weight fast without any changes in diet or exercise in the short term. Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness, especially if you experience fatigue and weakness. Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness. They are victims, in fact they buy cancer for themselves. Later, in the course of treatment, they have to undergo costly surgeries and painful and complicated procedures, and unfortunately, despite treatment, 40 to 45% of the patients die, while 50 to 55% survive. However, they face a difficult life and their standard of living becomes very low. It is also unfortunate that most of the patients who recover start using tobacco, betel leaf, blisters and gutta-percha after treatment, which further increases the risk of cancer relapse.
by : Dr. Muhammad Afzal Mian