A large number of Pakistanis go to other countries for higher education and according to experts, majority of students go to UK for education.
Countries like USA, UK, Canada, Australia, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, France, China, Russia, Central Asian States, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Qatar, Kuwait, Korea, Japan and Turkey are Pakistani students. can be considered the destination of
According to experts and statistics, UK is the first destination of higher education for most Pakistani students.
One of the reasons for this is the historical background of both the countries as many important leaders from the founders of Pakistan have also graduated from Britain. In addition, a large number of Pakistanis live in the UK, so it is easy for people to visit their relatives and study.
The US is also among the most preferred countries for Pakistani students to study and surprisingly, the number of Pakistani students in American universities has increased steadily since 9/11.
With the passage of time, the number of Pakistani students going to China has also increased tremendously and even now there is a large number of Pakistani students there. Although this trend has temporarily decreased due to Corona, it is also likely to increase greatly in the context of the relations between the two countries and the CPEC projects.
Scholarships for Pakistani students from Saudi Arabia
Apart from this, most European countries and Saudi Arabia are also providing educational opportunities for Pakistani students. Saudi Arabia has announced scholarships for Pakistani students in 25 universities.
According to the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan, these scholarships for students who want to enter the universities of Saudi Arabia are political science, law, education, administration, economics, engineering, computer science, agriculture, Available in Arabic/Islamic Studies and Media Science.
A significant increase in the number of Pakistani students going abroad
With the fifth largest population in the world, Pakistan is a country with 55% of its population under the age of 25 years. Despite all the efforts of the governments in Pakistan, the education rate has barely reached 62%, which means that 60 million people are illiterate.
According to the Economic Survey 2021-22, 14.4 million children enrolled in pre-primary schools in 2021-22, 25.7 million in grades 1 to 5, 8.3 million in grades 6 to 8, 4.5 million in grades 9 and 10, and 2.5 million in grades 11. And enrolled in twelfth classes.
According to the survey, 500,000 students enrolled in technical and vocational institutions, 760,000 went to degree-awarding colleges, while 1.96 million students went to universities.
According to the economic survey, there are 83,900 primary schools, 48,300 middle schools, 32,000 secondary schools, 6,000 higher secondary schools and 38,000 technical and vocational institutions.
Pakistan has more than 200 universities and more than 3000 degree colleges. The number of private educational institutions is in addition to this.
According to UNESCO, more than 60 thousand Pakistani students are pursuing higher education in educational institutions abroad and this trend is continuously increasing. Despite Corona, the number of Pakistani students admitted to UK universities in 2020-21 has increased by 66%.
According to Higher Education Commission data, 623 scholars went abroad for PhD, MS and undergraduate studies in 2020-21, while 223 scholars completed higher education abroad with HEC funds.
According to the HEC spokesperson, HEC has direct relationships either with foreign governments or with universities. It provides support to teachers and meritorious students in Pakistan to pursue education abroad and organizes scholarships in this regard.
According to the spokesperson, apart from HEC scholarships, thousands of Pakistanis enroll in universities around the world. It depends on their own financial status, academic grades and field of study which country they choose to go to.
In this regard, Raja Tajmal Hussain, a consultant who assists in obtaining education abroad, told Urdu News that at present educational visas are available for Pakistani students all over the world, but they are dependent on the educational system, ranking and residence of any country. They decide where they want to go by looking at the facilities and opportunities for housing and jobs in the future.
He said that due to the economic situation in Pakistan, less job opportunities and relatively poor quality of life, the young generation of Pakistan wants to go abroad for education.
Governments’ responsibility for relaxing immigration laws for students
Apart from this, the universities of the countries where the students are visiting are also trying to admit students from all over the world, including Pakistan, in order to convince their ranking and educational quality in the whole world, and they give suggestions to their governments to relax the immigration policies. Lives.
According to Raja Tajmal Hussain, the case of UK, USA, Canada and Australia is slightly different. There universities have industry status. Their fees are also relatively high. For this reason, even if the immigration policies become strict, the universities have to change their decisions due to increasing pressure.
He said that there are definitely problems regarding Asian students in the universities of these countries, but it depends on our governments.
“For example, India is in constant contact with other countries, including the UK, for the education of its students and continues to press for relaxation of policies for them, while our governments have done something about their own students.” Has not given much consideration nor has the host countries ever been asked to consider these issues.
According to education experts, the current and former Home Secretary in the UK has talked about stopping student immigration, but according to them, this is just playing to the media galleries, because no country has the kind of revenue that universities get from overseas students. Can’t afford any restrictions.