The distance between the inhabitants of the planet will shrink and the closeness will increase, which will promote peace. The first twenty years of the century largely lived up to these hopes and expectations. In the new millennium, the world witnessed a rapid development, the likes of which were not seen in the last twenty centuries, and in the whole of human history. The main reason for this development was the peace that the people were expecting. Meanwhile, the major powers around the world agreed on at least one thing that “war must be avoided, otherwise the progress achieved will be limited.” This is the reason why world powers did not allow conflicts to turn into war and neither did mutual differences affect the economy. The Cold War ended, the flags of peace instead of war started flying in Afghanistan, the Vietnam front cooled down, the war in Iraq stopped, the Ukraine conflict ended without a major war, and despite the massacre of Muslims in Syria, there was no peace in the region. A big war did not break out. The tussle between Iran and the West was limited to economic sanctions. The nuclear issues of Korea also moved from threats of war to negotiations. In fact, the world learned this lesson of pacifism from the world wars of the last century. However, the sad fact was that the flames of war kept burning in the Muslim world and therefore their journey of development was also incomplete, rather the conflicts in many countries pushed the journey of development towards further backwardness. New dimensions of technology became the basis for progress in the new century, but it is also a strange coincidence that the new century faced another kind of war in its twentieth year. One hundred years ago, the first world war spread destruction and fear in the world, then in the new century, the global epidemic, the corona virus, caused destruction and in the new year, the world is engaged in war with it. In the wars of the last century, countries and nations were against each other, but in this century, nations are united to protect each other from their common enemy, Covid-19.
In 2021, once again the global leadership is facing renewed economic and other challenges. Economy has now taken precedence over politics. Obviously, in this context, countries and nations will also have to change their goals. The sooner the nation understands this, the better it will be for it, especially for poor nations like us. There is no room for error. Future generations will have to bear the consequences of wrong decisions made on this occasion. The leadership of America, the world’s only superpower, has changed. The era of President Trump has passed and now Joe Biden has taken his place. Trump was a nationalist leader who came out on the slogan of “America First” and then decided his political and foreign strategy on that basis. The country brought many changes. It also played an important role in world peace, but was helpless in the face of Corona. Therefore, the American people decided that an unconventional and charismatic leader like him is not appropriate in the era of restoration. Nationalism talks. There will be more later, but economic recovery is necessary first. The nation elected Joe Biden as the new president because they hope that he will speed up the recovery through a better strategy. That is why the world should not expect any big fight from Joe Biden on foreign affairs. On this occasion, the last years of the Second World War are remembered. The British Prime Minister, Churchill, played a central role in the western victory of the World War. It was his politics and perseverance that defeated Hitler’s Germany and liberated Europe, but when he was elected in the immediate aftermath of the war. They were also advocates of Western nationalism, but the British people preferred economic recovery above all else and chose the new regime instead, which first brought Britain into world conflicts. Britain withdrew one by one from its colonies and then confined itself to an island. Trump stuck his horns from Korea to the Middle East, was embroiled in a trade war with China, and the West. He also kept tension with his allies. He continued to work in many places and now it is not possible for his successors to reject his decisions, but in any case, he has been out of the scene of global and national politics. One of the world leaders is Corona. And the victim was Japan’s wildly popular Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe. He advocated restoring Japan’s military role. Shinzo resigned apparently due to health problems, but it is said that he was worried about his failure to fight the corona virus. However, the corona virus did not have much effect on the leadership of China, the world’s second largest power. The president is, although this epidemic started in the city of Wuhan, China, but he managed to control it, which is recognized by the world. They are also at the forefront of economic recovery, and according to experts, the reason for this is their remarkable success, which began at the beginning of this century. China has succeeded in establishing such economic strength that even a devastating epidemic like Corona could not harm it much. This has forced the world to consider whether China’s governance is a better alternative to democracy for the economy and people’s well-being. In 2021, there will be the same Chinese leadership, which brought their country out of this crisis. On the other hand, Corona has created a storm in the western world. What is interesting is that there is a possibility of any change in leadership in the western world except for Trump. No. From Europe to New Zealand, every country has its own ruler. Even in India, which is the world’s second most populous country, there is no chance of a change of leadership. It was approved and the UK left Europe with a deal. It is not unusual that such a serious matter was concluded without any major controversy, it is in itself an unprecedented achievement of democracy. Do not the courts in Europe and UK. ? There are no political parties? Not the army and other powerful institutions? Everyone is, but the decision was made by the votes of the people. Now it is the responsibility of the leadership to set the stages of economic recovery and it is not too difficult for them, because they have to face the global economic crisis that happened just four years ago. However, despite the second wave of Corona, the signs of economic recovery started coming positive from the last quarter of last year. Then came the confidence boost. India, which makes 75 percent of the world’s total number of vaccines, has announced that it will make one billion doses of the Oxford vaccine, at a very low cost. In the same way, China is also trying to move forward rapidly in this field. Thus, in the new year, there will be all the motivations that can make the recovery of the world economy possible.
Low oil prices and concerns over the Iranian nuclear issue have forced the Arab world to establish diplomatic relations with Israel. Prince Mohammed bin Salman is rapidly reforming Saudi Arabia. Iran has been waiting for a change in American leadership and is therefore pursuing a “wait and see” policy despite the death of a top nuclear scientist. Experts are of the opinion that if the Iranian leadership had discussed with Saudi Arabia keeping two or three options in front of them, the issue of relations with Israel could have been avoided. At the end, he sent a clear message to the world by appointing his ambassador to Israel. Tayyip Erdogan has adopted the policy of “supporting Palestine and friendship with Israel”. Fueled by bitterness towards Europe, it has continued under Joe Biden. He is likely moving towards a policy of US rapprochement and reasserting its role as a NATO ally. Qatar has again become an active member of the Gulf Cooperation Council. His Emir attended the meeting of the Gulf Council in Saudi Arabia and signed the declaration of mutual solidarity. Saudi Arabia and other The Gulf countries have also opened their borders to Kuwait. Thus, the conflict that started in 2017 ended after three years. Pakistan is facing several challenges both internally and externally. To improve its economy, it must first re-establish its less strained relations with friends. If China is the priority, the US, Europe and the Middle East are also very important from the point of view of trade. Most of our trade is with these countries. If we want to increase our exports, which is indispensable for development, we have to improve relations with these countries. The effects of low oil prices and Corona are now being sent by immigrants. The amounts will also be fixed. However, production and exports are the backbone of a country’s economic policy. We must in any case increase the industry and production in our country at lightning speed, otherwise many crises are looming, the foremost of which is the problem of employment. At least one million new jobs will have to be created this year, but it is impossible to do this at a growth rate of less than two. Now it will be difficult for people to live on promises and waiting, already two and a half years” Don’t panic, no NRO. “I will give” and passed in such words. Apart from this, it is also disturbing that billions of rupees fines are being paid from the national exchequer in international cases. NAB was fined six billion rupees in the Broadsheet case. Similarly, there is the case of Recodec, which There is a threat of six billion dollars in fines. How are foreign affairs being reconciled with economic affairs? This needs immediate attention. Then there is the stigma that Pakistan does not abide by international agreements. The issues of Kashmir and Afghanistan take up most of our foreign policy energies, but we have to think about what to do in the future. America will leave Afghanistan anyway, but what will we get? Due to the presence of many regional players, the space for us in this matter is very limited. In the new era, Afghanistan will need capital and technology. India has gone too far on Kashmir. It is using all tactics of constitutional amendment, coercion and oppression. Our policy has been to expose it to the world, but It should also be considered that the relationship between the two countries has a direct impact on the people. Peace is necessary for development and for this, not only the tension on the borders should be reduced, but also things should be improved. Track two or directly. How far can diplomacy work? What is wrong in considering it from different angles. In the last three months of last year, a political alliance of eleven opposition parties emerged under the shadow of the Pakistan Democratic Movement, which is constantly challenging the government and especially the Prime Minister Imran Khan. The opposition is talking about resignations and mid-term elections and is calling for a solution that would, according to it, have the supremacy of the constitution. A positive aspect of this movement is that both major parties are putting forward young leadership. Lai. Maryam Nawaz emerged as a great leader from the Non-League. She also proved herself in the party and made a place among the people. Bilawal Bhutto of the People’s Party has also emerged as a national level leader. But perhaps the opinion of the elder leadership still prevails. The good thing is that the youth leadership started with understanding and friendship. Perhaps the political parties have learned a lot from the past. Sixty-two percent of the country’s population consists of youth. And it is encouraging that leadership is coming from that. The good thing is that it has also been accepted by the senior leadership. Party politics has its place, but the importance of timely change of national leadership is extraordinary.