Today, no country in the world looks happy and satisfied with its situation. Residents of rich developed countries are reminiscing about the good old days they saw at the turn of the century when emerging economies were joining the developed world at the turn of the millennium. Although the poor countries were not in a row, but at least at first they were struggling with hope and hope that someday the situation would change. In fact, all these dreams were shattered by the global epidemic Corona and then the sudden war in Ukraine and the resulting chaos. However, in this context, most of the people who see the world from a certain angle think that many factors actually played an important role in putting the world in this predicament and which certainly did not arise all at once, but a combination of them. It took at least 80 years to become effective. This is the cost of rapid development and the cost of operating with cheap energy sources and is not the fault of any one nation or country, but the result of the carelessness of everyone living in this world. Chief among these factors is the rapid increase in population. Secondly, there is climate change and thirdly, the re-emergence of nationalities in societies. If the population of the last century is compared with the twenty-two years of the present century, it will be estimated that it has doubled. That is, the population of the world is more than seven and a half billion. Two billion and sixty million people live in China and India alone. The land and its resources remained as they were, but with the increase in population, food shortage was definitely created, that’s why there is always a noise of food shortage from somewhere. On the one hand, due to population growth, the living space for people is becoming less and less, on the other hand, the problems are increasing due to climate change. However, scientists around the world have been fighting this monster for more than half a century. are giving attention and awareness, despite this, the governments and above all the people are not willing to understand the sensitivity and seriousness of the issue. Now that Britain and Europe are getting hotter than tropical countries. In the deserts of the Arab countries, the flood situation is starting to arise, the cities are drowning due to the melting of the glaciers, so the wisdom is coming to the shelter. The third most dangerous thing is that instead of positive changes in human attitudes, negative trends have started to develop, although after the devastation of the second world war, the world was opening up and it was felt that the world belongs to everyone, the country is only a geographical area. Borders are meant to be defined. This was also the purpose of the establishment of the European Union, globalization was its pioneer, because through it social interests were connected with economic needs, but after ten years of the current century, the same attitudes have been adopted again. . Tolerance among nations is waning, nationalism is on the rise, and the most dangerous thing in all this is that economic protectionism has taken its place and the idea of ”the world is for all” has re-emerged. It began to be subject to the idea that “No, our country and nation first, all others after it.” So well educated people also share them. They don’t just listen to the biased nonsense of social media, but also force people to believe them with big reasoned words. They do not think that if every country in the world closed its doors to others, what would be the end of this world. The sad thing is that in this context narrow minded leaders are gaining popularity and they are putting everything at stake for power. The most surprising and noteworthy thing is that this trend is growing in the same countries and regions, which played an important role in ending this trend after the Second World War. After the Second World War, mild ideological wars continued in the form of the Cold War, but no factor intervened to disrupt the functioning system. The Soviet Union was engrossed in its socialist system, while the US and the West were happy in their capitalist system. China was slowly coming out of the revolution to deal with the world through economic development, while the Soviet Union did not bring about any major revolution or change in the ongoing world order after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. His approach to the unipolar system was particularly peaceful, as there was no vision of a global war. There was no war between Soviet Russia and the West, rather their contest was ideological and in this ideological war communication technology played an important role. At this time, while Eastern and Western Europe were reunited, the capitalist system, but also the fact of improving the quality of life, prevailed over the coherence of the communist ideology, and in this respect, West Germany in particular played an important role. He not only accepted his backward eastern part politically, but keeping high human traditions, he opened the doors of his houses to the people there and then, like the two brothers, joined in the development of Europe.
In this context, it is also necessary to evaluate what is happening in Germany today, because Brussels was the headquarters of the European Union, during the reign of Chancellor Angela Merkel, the decisions of the whole Europe were made from here. The first change in Germany was seen under Merkel herself, when she adopted a stricter policy on refugees. He famously uttered the words wir shafen das (we can handle them) as he opened the door to Syrian refugees, a reflection of German policy at the time. It was not only well received by the UK and other European countries, but also received a lot of oohs and aahs, apparently because they didn’t want millions of homeless people to burden their economy. The second big problem was that the way Russian President Putin and the Iranian government supported Bashar al-Assad, then Arabs and Turkey backed down, after that there was no question of sending these refugees back. Germans are a different nation, they are very proud of themselves, and history shows that Germany conquered any country outside of Europe, built colonies and did not accept outsiders. Some Pakistanis are settled in Germany. He praises the wealth and prosperity there, but no one says that he is living with a Pakistani identity. There is only the German nation and no other language is spoken or heard than German. There are hardly any English signboards anywhere. After the merger of East Germany with West Germany, their hearts were united, but a large number of Russian-speaking Germans also settled in the country. Merkel herself, who decided Germany’s fate for a long time, is the daughter of a Russian-speaking East German priest. She was generally said to have a soft spot for Russia, so when tensions between the US and Russia got too high, she would side with Putin.
Germany has changed a lot in just six months of this year, February. After Merkel’s retirement from politics, her successor, Olaf Schulz, wants to continue the continuity of Germany’s development, but he also believes that his country’s development is tied to the West and the US, meaning that It turns out that if Germany leads Europe, so will its direction. Olaf Schulz has clearly indicated this right after the war in Ukraine, and he has the full support of his allies, including the Green Party and the Liberals. He announced three fundamental changes just four days after Russian tanks entered Ukraine. First, Germany will support Ukraine in every field until the end. Second, it would punish Russia for the attack by imposing sanctions and increasing its military presence. Pursuing this policy with allies like the Green Party and the Liberals is surely a sign of an all-round national harmony. Along with this, they also provided military and financial assistance to Ukraine. Also, Olaf Schulz has also changed its trade policy regarding gas imports with Russia. This aggressive policy of Germany is certainly a source of surprise and concern for President Putin.
Germany, the world leader in terms of technology, would be remiss to underestimate it in any way. It is enough to remember that Einstein was born in Germany. Germany’s solar and nuclear power plants are important in terms of number and capacity in the world. If Germany and Europe decide on alternative energy, it will not be easy for Russia to stay ahead of it. He is depending on China and India. These two big countries are supporting him despite the sanctions, but at what cost? The former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Imran Khan, has also mentioned the example of buying 30% less gas from Russia and its benefits in his rallies, but the supply of gas at a 30% lower price meant that for every one million dollars A loss of three million dollars. This loss at the hands of one’s friends cannot be called pure trade or friendship. Experts believe that it would have been better for Russia to have a more lenient policy than Europe, but not to go into a trade deficit. Oil prices have already fallen by more than 30 percent, and are likely to fall further, so President Putin and economists will have to see how far this can go. Remember, Germany buys 30% of its gas and oil from Russia.
European nations have not only seen the ravages of two world wars, but also experienced the harshest winters. Hitler’s most devastating defeat in World War II was against Russia. The 900-day siege of Stalingrad by German troops is a long story of destruction. From a military point of view, the number of people who froze to death during the siege probably did not occur in the entire world war. Military experts said that Hitler’s military failures actually began with Stalingrad. That was good, but the way Germany has now signaled an increase in its military power is alarming, especially for Russia. He immediately increased his military budget of fifty billion euros to one hundred billion euros. Remember, President Biden not only attended two meetings of NATO in his two and a half years in power, but also focused on making it more active, aggressive and modern. Over the years there have been major operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Syria. America claims that it has shifted from the Middle East and West Asia to Southeast Asia. Military experts believe that President Putin and his military experts quickly moved through Ukraine to fill the gap, but met with resistance and six months later the primary objective was still not met. It seems that after Brexit in America, at least the responsibility of military leadership is being entrusted to Germany, that it also has economic power, technology and manpower.
Now we come back to the question of what happened to the happiness of the world, which reached its peak in this century, so Corona and the world after it have made some revolutionary decisions. There is no doubt that China becoming the second major power is a concern for the US and the West, but it has also prepared to pit Japan and India against China through the Quad Forum. It works. On the other hand, Russia, which it calls its enemy number one, has made NATO very active. The small countries that thought terrorism was a big problem after 9/11 were wrong. They thought that military groups and militias would shake off the great powers, but the opposite happened. Now the small countries themselves are the most victims of this terrorism. Afghanistan is the latest example of this. Although Iraq and Afghanistan are free, there is no need to tell in what condition they are. There are indications that Iran will make a nuclear deal with the Arab world in friendship, while Israel has been given a watchdog position in the Middle East, which is agreed to by Turkey, Arabs and Africa. The question of who is going in which direction may not be so important for the smaller countries now, as each country forgets friendship and enmity and concentrates on stabilizing its own economic situation. Now foreign policy managers are no longer deciding who to side with, but rather deciding where to find the paths to prosperity for their people.